Editing is a crucial part in film it can determine the difference between a masterpiece and an absolutely horrible movie. Film editing is part of the post-production process of filmmaking. Film editing is an art that is unique to cinema as it is the technique and practice of assembling into a coherent whole.
Editing in film has several different techniques in order to create effect and improve the story visually. Some of these techniques include cutting, continuity editing, cross cutting, dissolving and fading. These techniques advance the story in several ways that allow the audience to remain intrigued and interested throughout the viewing of the movie.
Cutting is a simple yet effective technique where a visual transition created in editing in which one shot is instantaneously replaced on screen by another. It is used constantly within movies and is probably the most basic of all editing effects.
Continuity Editing is another basic editing technique in which the scene is edited in a way that creates action that flows smoothly across shots and scenes without jarring visual inconsistencies. It helps establishes a sense of story for the viewer therefore allowing the story to proceed consistently for the audience.
The editing format known as Cross Editing is a clever technique that involves Cutting back and forth quickly between two or more lines of action, indicating they are happening simultaneously allowing the audience to experience the story in more way than one. It has become a very prominent technique.
The final two techniques, Dissolving and Fading are very similar to one another. Dissolving is a gradual scene transition. The editor overlaps the end of one shot with the beginning of the next one. Fading, however is a visual transition between shots or scenes that appears on screen as a brief interval with no picture. The editor fades one shot to black and then fades in the next. Often used to indicate a change in time and place. Both of these techniques are used to indicate a change in scenes allowing the audience to know that the story is progressing.
These are just some of the basic editing techniques used and mastered within film.